In this page I want to give a little background to body language in communication. After all, if we're gonna study it - let's see where it came from and why…
What are the roots of body language? Is it something we learn or born with?
It's hard to answer that question due to 2 main reasons:
1. Body language is something that evolved over time to answer human social needs. Scientists and anthropologists still study which gestures developed and to what propose. Many of them can be studied from prime apes that use gesticulations to communicate with each other.
2. Body language in communication can be divided into several groups. Some gestures and reactions are inborn, and they are universal around the world. Others are learned by observation, and some are refined with age and use.
So the answer is: "it depends". For example, nobody taught you how to scowl in anger – you're born 'programmed' in your brain to response that way when angry. On the other hand, you probably did hear and learn that standing in straight posture and smiling projects a positive image.
Another important question is "if we have words to serve us, do we still need body language? Can we communicate without it?"
First of all, the use of speech is still relatively new to human communication (there are many speculations about the exact date, but we speak about hundreds of thousands of years "new", when exactly is still much debated)
Prior to that time most of our communication was similar to those of other animals - understanding and sending non verbal cues.
As the saying goes – "old habits die hard" so body language still plays an integral part in our communication, whether we like it or not.
You can notice an example of this behavior when speaking on the phone – although the other person never sees you, you still wave your hands and make facial expressions while talking.
Hunt! Bear! Now! - that's the message I get...
While today this may seem primitive, in the days before we knew how to speak - grunting and waving was often enough to get the point through. Sure, we couldn't create "Hamlet" but it was good enough to say "let's go hunt that boar".
There is no true communication in face to face encounter without body language. The verbal and the nonverbal communication complement each other.
Think of the role of body language in communication as the 'flavor' that comes on top of the main idea; you can say "I'm OK" in a hundred different ways using different voice and face expression – each time the attitude varies and affect the message.
The practical study of non verbal communication probably began with actors. Especially During the 19th century, when silence movies first introduced. Actors learned how display feelings, attitude and status by mimicking the body language of the character they played – not a small feat at all.
I think the most amazing thing about it is the fact that it's
so easy to understand them and connect to the character even though they lack
voice and words… a sounding proof to the power and relevancy of our body
But who was the first to study it and its origins?
No other than Charles Darwin, the father of evolution, himself. He was the first man to study the body language of humans and animals in his book "The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals" in 1872.
By careful observation he noticed that humans, like animals, share some inborn behaviors that are common to all of us. These non verbal cues revealed internal emotions or used to help communicate with others.
In this book he basically established the science of body language - many studies and observations made today are founded upon his studies.
But the major study of non-verbal communication truly began, quite oddly (considering the time it exists), only in the 60's of the last century. Since then it became a subject in many areas such as: anthropology, social science, psychiatry and even business.
A side note: The study of body language in communication called Kinesics. It's aim is to categorize and understand how different gestures developed and their meaning in communication. I'll elaborate on that in a different post.
I hope that I managed to answer the big questions you may had about body language and communication in general.
Tough my main aim in this site is to provide practical advices and help understand different gestures, facial expressions and postures; it's still useful to know a little background and history on the subject.